On the Path to the one Unified Story of the Afrikan People Part 1

By Sisiter Ivory Ann Black II Woletta Sellassie

 

Greetings to all and welcome may the spirit of Afrikan Unity forever keep us and nurture us.  As you may or may not beware, for the last 567 years the Afrikan forced to migrate to the Diaspora carried away as captives to build the Western world, have been determined  to maintain our dignity and rightful identity, given to us from the foundation of the world. Having recognized thus far since we have been out side of our Motherland, Afrika, there has developed a cultural and identification gap between Afikans born in the Disporia( Afrikan Amerikans) and our Afrikan brothers and sisters on the continent. So Afrikan Unity of Harlem, under our Education propose are striving to pinpoint our collective Afrikan true story as a people. To do so we have to start with the simple basis structures.

 

What we Know  

 

Around 1441 the continent of Afrika and beloved peoples underwent traumatic life- altering events were our beloved brothers and sisters were forcefully removed from their homelands. 700 million plus was forced to migrate to the Diaspora to work and build the Western society via the European Slave Trade of Afrikan People. At first this was seen as simply one people traveling to other areas to work, but soon Afrikan people were kidnapped and sold to distant lands for economical benefits.  The majority of the people were from the coast of West Afrikan countries. Afrikans were forced to migrate, and started their battles for freedom on the continent, leading to the holding quarters, then onto the ships that unfortunately dispersed them to foreign lands. Millions died fighting, and even through themselves overboard instead of being captives. Our dear brothers and sisters could have not imagined that for the next 500 plus years we would undergo extreme forced cultural change that would lead to  the lost of identity, original language, and cultural religious practices, thus uprooting us from our Afrikan moral and ethnical principals. This caused the Afrikans stolen to America and other areas to receive fictitious names like Negro, Black, Colored, Black Americans, Afrikan-American. We are none of these. We are Afrikan people.  The Berlin Conference in 1884 allowed European nations to decide for themselves to claim territorial rights and resources to our homeland by the signing of treaties. 

 

In the late nineteenth century, the European imperial powers engaged in a major territorial scramble and occupied most of the continent, creating many colonial nation- states, seizing Afrikan lands placing Afrikan people under forced occupation. Kingdom states were forced to join together or family kingdoms were separated, and areas were given new names. Lines of demarcation that occurred during colonial rule caused the Afrikan neutral ways of government and economy to become unstable, and impaired its functioning bringing about a collapse on a number of once sovereign ethnic groups that are still being felt in African politics today. The European drawing artificial borders around their sized territories isolated them from other colonial rulers, separating Afrikan ruling classes which forced once enemies to live together with no buffer between them. In nations that had an extensive European populace, like in South Afrika, Kenya, and Zimbabwe. Rhodesia’s systems of second-class citizenship were often set up in order to give Europeans political power over the dominated Afrikan society. In the area colonialist controlled, our shared or respected rights and power over land was distorted creating pervious nonexistent ethnic divisions. This soon led to cultural separation into groups with contradicting principles of governments creating damaging effects in the Afrikan society. An example of this can be seen with the division of Ethiopia, Italy’s desire to have an East Afrikan Kingdom; and Italy worked diligently behind the scene to form Eritrea at the expense of Ethiopians losing a part of their Mother country and access to seaports. Another example is when German colonialist took ruler-ship over now Rwanda and Burundi in the 19th century and caused the Tutsis and Hutus to merge into one culture. This led to tribal strife centering on the right to marry only those from their own group. The Belgians introduced racial systems which indoctrinated some of our Brothers and Sisters on the continent with European ideologies, who then used these systems to dominate their own Afrikan people. Also, with the intense amalgamation, children were born with fairer skin and other stylized features which became more favorable then their own. Thus, these children were given power over their people to serve as the colonialist.

 

The only two independent nations maintained: Liberia, an independent state settled by Africans who was previously forced to serve in the Americans, along side those who sojourner freely to the Americas; and Abyssinia that defeated the colonialist at Magdale and yet again at the Battle of Adwa. Abyssinian victory over these outside forces retained the sovereignty of the country (and unspokenly ….. ALL Afrikan people), and because of this victory we in the West have never been slaves, and we on the continent have never been completely colonized. We all have just been occupied.

 

Now of course in this 21st century we can no loner blame any one for our own ills as a nation of people. The only option is to stand and take the reasonability to bring back our golden Afrikan morals which were the bedrock of our culture, society, and life prior to the above interference. To bring back to focus our Afrikan traditions of life, we must firstly start by asking: Where was the first civilization on the earth? Who were the people? Where on the plant did they travel to live? To refresh our minds we will look at the most recent study of the National Geographic Book of the Peoples of the World: A Guide to Culture. Published 2007 for more information visit: www.nationalgeographic.com

 

  

 

  1. Migration of Peoples from the continent of Afrika

     

 

a. The indigenous communities of people developed and advanced in east Afrikan areas around the Horn

b. Modern thought of today after years of doubt, and speculation spread inward on the continent around 60,000 years ago,

      *50,000 years ago out from the horn Eastward cutting the tip out what is known                           as India south to Austria.

      *40,000 years ago northward out the horn to what is know as the Middle East to                           what is called today Asia, and out from the surround Island of Asia to                          Eastern Asia.

      * 30,000 years ago spreading southward in Asia and Northwest to what is called                           Europe

      *20,000 years ago out of  about central Asia eastward crossing what is called today the Baring Straight, south  through what is known today as Americas arriving in central America. 

* From the National Geographic Human Project.

 

  1. Who were they?

To start this section we are going to study the works of our Elders who have already lead the foundation for us and in remembering and horning them, use their findings to enhance our mental thought about who we are as a people. So we are going to look at our Elder John G. Jackson and what he has found in searching for our ancestors in his work.

 

Ethiopia and the Origin of Civilization (Pt 1): By John G. Jackson (1939)

Ethiopia and the Origin of Civilization

A Critical Review of the Evidence of Archaeology, Anthropology, History and Comparative Religion: According to the Most Reliable Sources and Authorities

Most history texts, especially the ones on ancient history, start off by telling us that there are either three, four or five races of man, but that of those races only one has been responsible for civilization, culture, progress and all other good things. The one race is of course the white race, and particularly that branch of said race known as the Nordic or Aryan. The reason for this is obvious; the writers of these textbooks are as a rule Nordics, or so consider themselves. However, prejudice alone will not account for this sort of thing. There is a confusion among historians and anthropologists concerning the proper classification of races, and this confusion is used by biased writers to bolster up their preconceptions. It is therefore necessary that we discuss the subject of race classification in a rational manner before proceeding further.

 

The early scientific classifications of the varieties of the human species were geographical in nature. The celebrated naturalist, Linneaus (1708–1778), for instance, listed four races, according to continent, namely: (1) European (white), (2) African (black), (3) Asiatic (yellow), and (4) American (red). Blumenback, in 1775, added a fifth type, the Ocieanic or brown race. This classification is still used in some grammar school Geographies, where the races of man are tabulated as: Ethiopian (black), Caucasian (white), American (red), Mongolian (yellow) and Malayan (brown).

During the year 1800, the French naturalist, Cuvier, announced the hypothesis that all ethnic types were traceable to Ham, Chem and Japhet, the three sons of Noah. After that date race classification developed into an amazing contest; a struggle which still rages. By 1873, Haeckel had found no less than twelve distinct races of mankind; and to show the indefatigable nature of his researches, he annexed twenty-two more races a few years later, bringing the grand total of human types up to thirty-four. Deniker, in 1900, presented to the world a very imposing system of race classification. He conceived of the human species existing in the form of six grand divisions, seventeen divisions and twenty-nine races. And despite all this industry among anthropologists, ethnologists and the like, there is yet no agreement on the classification of races. Where one anthropologist finds three racial types, another can spot thirty-three without the least difficulty.

The Classifiers of race, however, regardless of how abundantly they disagreed with each other as to the correct groupings of human types, were of unanimous accord in the belief that the white peoples of the world were far superior to the darker races. This opinion in still very popular, but modern science is making it hard for intelligent people to accept the fallacy. Many years ago the German philosopher, Schopenhauer, remarked that, “there is no such thing as a white race, much as this is talked of, but every white man is a faded or bleached one.” Schopenhauer possessed keen and sagacious foresight on this point. For example, the English scholar, Joseph McCabe, expresses the following view as the consensus of opinion among modern anthropologists: “There is strong reason to think that man was at first very dark of skin, woolly-haired and flat-nosed, and, as he wandered into different climates, the branches of the race diverged and developed their characteristics.” (Key to Culture, No. 11, p. 10.)

Professor Franz Boas, the nestor of American anthropologists, has divided the whole human race into only two divisions. This classification of Boas’ is admirably explained by Professor George A. Dorsey:

Open your atlas to a map of the world. Look at the Indian Ocean: on the west, Africa; on the north, the three great southern peninsulas of Asia: on the east, a chain of great islands terminating in Australia. Wherever that Indian Ocean touches land, it finds dark-skinned people with strongly developed jaws, relatively long arms and kinky or frizzly hair. Call that the Indian Ocean or Negroid division of the human race.

Now look at the Pacific Ocean: on one side, the two Americas; on the other, Asia. (Geographically, Europe is a tail to the Asiatic kite.) The aboriginal population of the Americas and of Asia north of its southern peninsula was a light-skinned people with straight hair, relatively short arms, and a face without prominent jaws. Call that the Pacific Ocean or Mongoloid division. (Why We Behave Like Human Beings, pp. 44–45.)

Professors A. L. Kroeber and Fay-Cooper Cole are of the opinion that the peoples of Europe have (been) bleached out enough to merit classification as a distinct race. This would add a European or Caucasoid division to the Negroid and Mongoloid races of the classification proposed by Professor Boas. If we accept this three-fold division of the human species, our classification ought to read as follows: the races of man are three in number; (1) the Negroid, or Ethiopian or black race; (2) the Mongoloid, or Mongolian or yellow race; and (3) the Caucasoid or European or white race. This is the very latest scheme of race classification.

Now that we have straightened out ourselves on the issue of the classification of races, we may property turn to the main subject matter of this essay, i.e., the ancient Ethiopians and their widespread influence on the early history of civilization. In discussing the origin of civilization in the ancient Near East, Professor Charles Seignobos in his History of Ancient Civilization, notes that the first civilized inhabitants of the Nile and Tigris-Euphrates valleys, were a dark-skinned people with short hair and prominent lips; and that they are referred to by some scholars as Cushites (Ethiopians), and as Hamites by others.

This ancient civilization of the Cushites, out of which the earliest cultures of Egypt and Mesopotamia grew, was not confined to the Near East. Traces of it have been found all over the world. Dr. W. J. Perry refers to it as the Archaic Civilization. Sir Grafton Elliot Smith terms it the Neolithic Heliolithic Culture of the Brunet-Browns. Mr. Wells alludes to this early civilization in his Outline of History, and dates its beginnings as far back as 15,000 years B.C. “This peculiar development of the Neolithic culture,” says Mr. Wells, “which Elliot Smith called the Heliolithic (sun-stone) culture, included many or all of the following odd practices: (1) Circumcision, (2) the queer custom of sending the father to bed when a child is born, known as Couvade, (3) the practice of Massage, (4) the making of Mummies, (5) Megalithic monuments (i.e. Stonehenge), (6) artificial deformation of the heads of the young by bandages, (7) Tattooing, (8) religious association of the Sun and the Serpent, and (9) the use of the symbol known as the Swastika for good luck. … Elliot Smith traces these associated practices in a sort of constellation all over this great Mediterranean / Indian Ocean-Pacific area. Where one occurs, most of the others occur. They link Brittany with Borneo and Peru. But this constellation of practices does not crop up in the primitive home of Nordic or Mongolian peoples, nor does it extend southward much beyond equatorial Africa. … The first civilizations in Egypt and the Euphrates-Tigris valley probably developed directly out of this widespread culture.” (Outline of History, pp. 141–143).

This ancient civilization is called NEOLITHIC by Wells. This is a mistake; for we have overwhelming evidence that these ancient peoples had long passed out of the New Stone Age stage of culture, and were erecting edifices which could only have been constructed by means of hard metal tools. Iron is the very backbone of civilization, and the Iron Age began very anciently in Africa. The researches of scholars like Boas, Torday and DuBois would lead us to believe that the art of mining iron was first developed in the interior of Africa, and that the knowledge of it passed through Egypt to the rest of the world. (See W.E.B. DuBois, The Negro, pp. 114–116, Home University Library, New York and London, 1915.)

In modern geography the name Ethiopia is confined to the country known as Abyssinia, an extensive territory in East Africa. In ancient times Ethiopia extended over vast domains in both Africa and Asia. “It seems certain,” declares Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, “that classical historians and geographers called the whole region from India to Egypt, both countries inclusive, by the name of Ethiopia, and in consequence they regarded all the dark-skinned and black peoples who inhabited it as Ethiopians. Mention is made of Eastern and Western Ethiopians and it is probable that the Easterners were Asiatics and the Westerners Africans.” (History of Ethiopia, Vol. I., Preface, by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge.) In addition Budge notes that, “Homer and Herodotus call all the peoples of the Sudan, Egypt, Arabia, Palestine and Western Asia and India Ethiopians.” (Ibid., p. 2.)

Herodotus wrote in his celebrated History that both the Western Ethiopians, who lived in Africa, and the Eastern Ethiopians who dwelled in India, were black in complexion, but that the Africans had curly hair, while the Indians were straight-haired. (The aboriginal black inhabitants of India are generally referred to as the Dravidians, of whom more will be said as we proceed.)

Note: Our story  as a people has always been told thought the eyes of other nations who have come to learn and study our cultural and ways of life to use as their own, so we must  search and analysis combing with a fine comb to bring out what is true for us as a people and the rest we can leave.

So what we can learn from our Elder here is this:

Highly developed people migrated form the continent known today as Afrika being of a Blackish, Burnetish, Brownish complexion, and went to the corners of the earth, changing in skin shade as they settled and developed in their new established area. This first wave of Afrikan people went to populate the whole world birthing the nations of people we see to day. As the Nation of Afrikan People… We have a lot to be proud of and knowing now who we are… its up to us as the eldestet of humanity to rasie the moral values to continue the circle of life.

Peace and Blessings

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